Low-in Foods Texture Measurement

Learn how to go about reformulating your ‘low-in’ food products where texture is key

Low-in foods for weight management and reduction of excess fat on the body

Reducing and replacing fat, sugar or salt without losing enjoyment


Consumers are more aware of, and knowledgeable about, their health than ever before. This increased focus has led to people following a variety of different diets, with a wide range of dietary specifications, putting pressure on manufacturers to develop a portfolio of foods to meet individual needs. New regulations are also being introduced in parts of the world where the marketing of foods high in fat, sugar and salt presents a challenge for food manufacturers, many of whom are facing pressure to reformulate existing products, particularly in bakery, desserts and snacks.

While consumers are eager for healthier (plus more ethical and environmentally friendly) foods they also expect the “same-as” eating enjoyment as they get from the foods they know and love. The reduction (or addition) of any ingredient presents a number of taste and texture challenges for manufacturers that then need to be tackled to bring them in-line with consumers’ sensory expectations.

它可能需要深入了解成分,产品矩阵和生产过程之间的相互作用,以找到正确的组合和策略,这些组合和策略是改善一个感官区域(例如anforefeel),有时实际上可以扩大另一个感觉的差距,例如味道。例如,蔗糖显然增加了甜味,但它也是散装剂,为产品增添了身体。只需用另一种甜味剂代替蔗糖就可以帮助模仿味道或原始食品,但会改变质地和口感。

Shelf life and food quality are also important considerations, as ingredients such as salt and sugar can act as preservatives. Consumers may be willing to accept a slight change in texture or flavour if the health benefits and overall sensory experience are strong enough. You may want to take advantage of cross-modality between taste and texture, for instance, using vanilla’s “creamy” taste to improve mouthfeel in low-fat products or you may even want to consider processing steps such as fermentation to improve the product’s texture, robustness and shelf life.


Texture problems associated with Low-in Foods

Low-fat without low-quality

由于全球肥胖水平处于历史最高水平,并且对脂肪对许多主要器官功能的影响有了深刻的了解,因此低脂饮食是许多希望改善其健康的消费者使用的一种常见方法。这种趋势对乳制品行业产生了巨大影响,为了满足这一需求,正在重新重新重新重新制定产品线,并从头开始推出更多产品。从乳制品饮料和酸奶到奶酪和乳制品甜点,到处都可以看到低脂趋势。

However, fat plays a huge part in the consistency of dairy foods, especially yoghurts. As well as different expectations across the globe, perceptions and preferences are changing. Thick, creamy products – easily achieved with high fat content – evoke luxury and decadence but there is still sizeable demand for thinner, more traditional products, especially in developing markets.

制造商经常有动机去除脂肪from food products, but when something is removed from a recipe, it inevitably has to be replaced with another ingredient. Sometimes that replacement is another type of fat, or it might be another ingredient altogether (to reduce the overall fat content of the food). Food manufacturers have to test the altered food in comparison with its original form to ensure that all textural properties remain the same within acceptable limits.

Staying firm on sugar reduction

如今,已经在具有健康意识的消费者的十字准线中,在媒体上经常被妖魔化,全球的立法正在要求减少各种产品中的糖,并要求更清晰的标签以教育和劝阻消费者。。在开始软饮料的地方,预计食品行业的其余部分将随之而来。结果,制造商的糖含量较低的需要比以往任何时候都更高。

However, beyond adding a sweeter taste, the reduction or removal of sugar also impacts the texture of foods which must be addressed. Jam, for example, relies on sugar for firmness. Whether being spread on toast or added to cakes, the firmness of jam is crucial to consumer enjoyment and has a direct impact on its perceived quality. Jam is not the only food that can find its texture being changed by a reduction in sugar. Chewing gum is another product that is often developed with a ‘sugar-free’ option, particularly due to dental health concerns, but again, replacing sugar with substitutes has wider implications for its texture. More specifically, the hardness, flexibility and stickiness of gum can all be affected by the change in sweetening agent. For example, mannitol can be used to improve mechanical strength.

在低盐中解决强度和粘性

尽管全球卫生当局同意过多的盐可能对健康有害,但它确实在质地中起着重要作用,尤其是在煮熟的肉中,它可以确保牢固和“咬”和烘焙食品,并在其中扮演多种质地角色。

Bread is responsible for up to a fifth of daily salt intake, making baked foods a clear opportunity for salt reduction reformulation in many western markets. However, salt is pivotal to dough strength and stickiness, which is required for the desired crumb structure of the final product and also to hold the folded layers of dough together, ensuring consistency of aeration in the baked bread. Bakers have to tread a fine line: excessive stickiness causes processing difficulties, but if cutting salt content also leads to a weakening of the dough, problems of a different nature, but equal importance, become evident. Additionally, salt tightens the gluten structure and helps loaves retain the carbon dioxide gas formed during fermentation. This has a great impact on volume after baking. As a result, lowering salt content can lead to smaller, less attractive breads. Using a Volscan Profiler, can help to provide quantifiable volume and density measurement and, again, can be used as a comparative tool during reformulation.

除了影响新鲜面包的质地时,盐还沿线进一步效果。传统上用作防腐剂,盐在延长货架上至关重要,因为它吸引的水可以帮助防止面包在干燥的环境中过快地砍伐。在不同的条件下,在长时间的时间内测量减少盐面包的牢固性,然后与其他配方进行比较,这是发现面包质量如何随着时间而影响的关键。


How Texture Analysis can help in Low-in Food development


一个s consumers become more demanding and reduce further their purchases of foods containing ingredients they deem unhealthy, the need for revisiting recipes is set to grow. Understanding how these reformulations can impact finished products is crucial to minimising adverse textural effects and identifying strategies for retaining the mouthfeel people love.

There is a clearly huge amount of trial and error (or an iterative approach) involved in developing and assessing new formulations. When reformulating your products you will be looking for changes that show as little impact as possible. Understanding the impact on texture, and the potential implications of these texture changes, is crucial in ensuring new product launches aren’t a miss with consumers. So, what can manufacturers do? Consistent, objective measurement is vital for informing reformulation and new product development, in addition to maintaining high quality standards.

Texture Analysis is a mandatory stage in the Research and Development of ingredient-substituted products, when texture can be altered by the addition of different quantities of ingredients, and must be measured after each iteration of ingredient or process modifications. Stable Micro Systems manufactures instruments that measure the tensile and compressional properties of raw ingredients, individual materials and finished products. It is important to measure the textural properties of food to ensure they match the expectations of a consumer. As with any manufacturing innovation, a large amount of research takes place during development, but the end product must also go through a quality control process to assess its mechanical (and sensorial) properties. ATexture Analyser是此过程的关键部分,通过应用压缩,张力,挤出,粘附,弯曲,弯曲或切割测试来测量其测试产品的可靠方法雷电竞app官方下载 S,例如牢固,粘性,脆和弹性,仅举几例。

The Connect Range of Texture Analysers

一个range of Texture Analysersare available varying in maximum force capacity and height options suited to the requirements of the application.

例如,返回钻机提供了一种非常宝贵的产品一致性量度和减少脂肪的效果,可用于比较,例如,具有减少脂肪版本的全脂酸奶配方,以确定任何纹理差异。当这种差异被客观地测量和量化时,可以试用其他改变纹理的成分,从而可以在低脂食品中完美质地,这些食物经常可以测量跨品种和批次以及整个产品的寿命。

一个Texture Analyser also provides the ability to test chewing gum at various stages of its life, from the initial bite to the first few chews and beyond. Measuring through the final chew stage ensures a better understanding of consumer experience, and comparisons to gums with added sugar can clearly show the changes the formulation can cause.

To gauge the impact of a salt reduction programme on dough quality, for example, samples can be prepared and tested prior to bulk preparation using a Warburtons Dough Stickiness System to identify the ideal formulation.

一个vast range ofprobes and fixtures可以连接到仪器根据the product/material to be tested. Whether it’s an Ottawa cell used to compare cereal crispness, a bending test used to assess biscuit fracturability or a back extrusion employed to assess the potential change of the fortified formulation in yoghurt consistency. Click to view a wide range of textural properties and measurement solutions that are most suited to fortification forbakery,,,,meat,,,,confectioneryordairy产品测试。

Want to discuss texture analysis for low-in foods?




Examples of how Texture Analysers have been applied


一个round the world there have been several pieces of research published in the areas of dairy, confectionery, bakery and meat products – all known for their popular high calorie offerings and all looking for solutions to offering a lower fat/sugar counterpart without a textural compromise. Here’s how they’ve applied their Texture Analyser.

Low-in research in the bakery industry

Selection of appropriate hydrocolloid for eggless cakes containing chubak root extract using multiple criteria decision-making approach

Can a structured emulsion (fat in water‐fiber system) substitute saturated fat in cookies without hampering their quality?

Chia gel as fat substitute for producing low fat cake

Low-in research in the meat industry

在肉类行业中,使用不同材料来源(主要来自植物)作为脂肪替代品,以确保消费者要求的可口性不是一件容易的事。在广泛的肉类产品中,已经研究了许多不同的想法。

Different Maturities and Varieties of Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) Flesh as Fat Replacers in Reduced-Fat Meatballs

Influence of additives on rheological and textural properties of cellulose based fat mimetic

Composite Gel Fabricated with Konjac Glucomannan and Carrageenan Could Be Used as a Cube Fat Substitute to Partially Replace Pork Fat in Harbin Dry Sausages

Characterisation of Enriched Meat-Based Pâté Manufactured with Oleogels as Fat Substitutes

使用低芥酸菜籽油有机凝胶中肝p的局部脂肪替代

糖果行业的低入研究

Reduction of saturated fat in chocolate by using sunflower-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose based oleogels as a partial cocoa butter replacer in chocolates

Effect of stevia, xylitol, and corn syrup in the development of velvet tamarind (Dialium indum L.) chewy candy

乳制品行业的研究

Improvement of physicochemical properties of reduced‐cholesterol butter by the addition of β‐sitosteryl oleate

Double emulsions fortified with plant and milk proteins as fat replacers in cheese


Testing texture in reformulated food article

To read more about the texture of reformulated food products, request our article‘Testing texture in reformulated food’or read our blog postTexture analysis testing Keto


Using reliable and objective measuring techniques can help to ensure products meet consumer demands for healthier food, without losing the qualities that originally captivated them.



TRUSTED BY INDUSTRY LEADERS AROUND THE WORLD

We use cookies
请注意,此网站使用Cookie为您提供最佳体验。
By continuing to browse this site you give consent for cookies to be used.Find out more
Baidu